Tristan Derham

About me

My professional experience has included roles in research, mining, government and environmental consulting. I have been involved in business development, hazardous waste policy, limnological research, and the planning, management and synthesis of multi-disciplinary environmental impact assessments.

I prefer to work both within and between disciplines. My academic interests lie at the nexus of environmental philosophy, ecology and the relationship between people and the environment.

Key interests

 

  • ecological restoration

  • rewilding

  • trophic cascades

  • environmental philosophy

  • environmental ethics

  • animal rights theory

  • animal refugees

  • emu

  • elephant

Publications

Derham, T.T. (2020), Feeding the birds at your table: A guide for Australia Jones, Darryl, NewSouth Publishing, Sydney, 2019, 208 pp. Price AUD$24.99, NZD$29.99 (Paperback; paperback; ebook and ePDF also available). ISBN 9781742236322 . Ecol Manag Restor, 21: 159-159. https://doi.org/10.1111/emr.12406

Derham, T. and Mathews, F. (2020). Elephants as Refugees. People & Nature.

https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10070

Derham, T.T. (2019). In defence of ‘rewilding’ – a response to Hayward et al. (2019). Biological Conservation.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.035

Derham, T.T., Duncan, R.P., Johnson, C.N. & Jones, M.E. (2018). Hope and caution: rewilding to mitigate the impacts of biological invasions.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 373(1761). https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0127  

PhD research with DEEP

The philosophy of rewilding 

Supervisors: Prof. Barry Brook, Prof. Chris Johnson, Prof. Freya Mathews, Prof. Jeff Malpas

In Australia, the conversation about rewilding has only just begun. The first tentative references in the scientific literature have revolved around positive management of dingoes and the introduction of Tasmanian devils to mainland Australia. Conversations in Europe and North America are more wide-ranging and rewilding has been variously taken to mean: a policy of preserving core habitat connected with corridors to sustain populations of large carnivores; the introduction of functional analogue species to create Pleistocene-like ecosystems, the introduction of strongly interacting species to restore ecosystems on a landscape scale and the abandonment of agricultural land. Considered carefully, these ideas represent exciting alternative approaches to environmental management in Australia.

What are the conceptual threads common to these ideas? Advocates for rewilding often rely on implicit assumptions such as the value of wildness, the value of ecosystem function over community composition and the presence of agency and autonomy in nature. Advocacy often includes somewhat ambiguous appeals to past ecological states and passive management through strong intervention. I hope to bring the tools of environmental philosophy to this debate, including established theories of environmental ethics and ontology, to investigate the circumstances under which the ethical justification for rewilding is most reasonable. I’ll also look into what rewilding might mean in Australian contexts and where it holds the most promise.

I am ground-truthing the philosophical analysis with an empirical investigation into examples of and opportunities for rewilding. For example, emus were driven extinct in Tasmania very quickly after colonists arrived in 1803. They were likely similar to the mainland emus and a reintroduction might have benefits not only for emus but for plants in Tasmania. Climate change is shifting climate cinches and many plant populations will have to shift to keep up. Emus are fantastic seed dispersers and could help plants along in Tasmania. They might shape the landscape in other ways we haven't even thought of, re-establishing old relationships and teaching us about Tasmanian ecosystems.

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